President Calderón told Mexicans that, “It is the hour to change, and it is the hour to change fundamentally,” in a televised speech from the National Palace on 9/2, the day after Government Secretary Fernando Gómez Mont delivered the legal Informe in writing to Congress. Among those present for the speech were two who would like to succeed him: State of Mexico governor Enrique Peña Nieto (PRI) and Mexico City mayor Marcelo Ebrard (PRD).
The President highlighted ten urgent reforms in his speech on September 2. Some excerpts:
“Today the priority must be to get back on the track of sustainable human development, fighting poverty, accelerated economic growth with justice and job creation. This is the task for everyone, and to achieve these objectives, Mexico needs unity of proposals and unity of action. …
“I am the first to recognize that compared to the vision of Mexico to which we aspire, what we have achieved is insufficient. …
“In order for Mexico to change, and change fundamentally, all those who have any responsibility given to them by the voters have to change.”
The ten urgent reforms put forward are:
- Intensify anti-poverty programs. Increase the targeting of social expenditure to the poorest families. This is “first and fundamental.”
- 2. Achieve universal health coverage, regardless of social condition; “an unequalled opportunity.”
- Improve educational quality, “by overcoming the morass of interests and inertia.”
- Public sector finance reform, “eliminating all programs and budget items that do not contribute decisively to the objectives I have outlined.”
- Transform state enterprises radically “to eliminate privileges, stop the lack of transparency and corruption.”
- Telecommunications reform to increase coverage, promote convergence and increase competition.
- Transform the labor sector to increase access by women and young people to jobs; increase productivity without undermining worker rights.
- Regulatory reform, to eliminate all government regulations unless they can be explicitly justified.
- Deepen the fight against crime, with greater coordination between levels of government and more citizen participation.
- A new generation of fundamental political reform. “The citizenry are not satisfied with their political representation and perceive an enormous gamp between their needs and the actions of their governors, representatives, and politicians.” Revise electoral rules to move beyond “effective suffrage” to “effective democracy,” “so that politics ceases to be synonymous with conflict and paralysis.”